En chiffres

  • 5 million

    Official statistics for the United Kingdom show that 5 million Europeans have successfully filled in – and obtained – settled status, meaning they can remain in the country without needing to apply for a visa. According to The Economist, most are from Poland, Romania and Italy and a significant number are quite young: where over 65s represent 19% of the UK population, only 2% of the 5 million applicants are in this age group. Finally, while they may cast their ballots for local candidates, they won't be able to vote in national elections. So will local politicians take them into account when forming their policies and campaigning?

    to fill in/remplir - settled/établi; ici, en règle - to mean, meant, meant/signifier, vouloir dire - to apply for/faire une demande de - significant/important - quite/assez - applicant/candidat, demandeur - to cast, cast, cast one's ballot/voter - to take, took, taken into account/tenir compte de - to form/façonner; ici, définir - policy/politique - to campaign/faire, mener campagne

    Publié le 1/09/2021

  • 121 000

    The 4th of July, or ‘Independence Day’, celebrates America's independence from Britain – an event that took place on the 4th of July 1776. The day is an occasion for Americans to party together, usually around a barbecue. Around half of the population (44%) attends local fireworks displays, but an even more popular option is to create their own garden: 120 000 tons of fireworks are purchased each year! Americans are very patriotic: about 65% own an American flag in their home. For the occasion, they also decorate their houses in red, white and blue, and with the famous Star-Spangled Banner. Finally the traditional 4th of July food is the hot dog: around 150 million are consumed on this day – that's enough to make a line from the East to the West Coast five times!

    to take, took, taken place/avoir lieu - usually/généralement - around/environ - to attend/assister à, participer à - fireworks display/feux d'artifice, spectacle pyrotechnique - to purchase/acheter - flag/drapeau - Star-Spangled Banner/hymne national américain

    Publié le 5/07/2021

  • 10%

    The Republican Party is becoming increasingly extreme with senators recently blocking a commission to study last January's attack on the Capitol. For the most part, they continue to refuse to believe Biden won the 2020 election, favouring Trump's assertion that it was rigged. A recent poll conducted by YouGov and The Economist has shown that only 43% of Republicans believe that Trump supporters should be prosecuted for their participation in the Capitol riots (against 82% of Democrats). Among them, less than 10% believe that Trump was responsible for the Capitol attack, choosing instead to blame the Democrat party for it.

    Capitol/(siège du) congrès - to favour/préférer, privilégier - assertion/affirmation - rigged/faussé, truqué, manipulé - poll/sondage - supporter/partisan - to prosecute/poursuivre en justice - riot/émeute - to blame sb for sth/tenir qqn pour responsable de qqch

    Publié le 8/06/2021

  • 10,400

    The UK vaccination campaign is in full swing, with jabs now accessible to pretty much everyone, from the elderly to young people. The government – which managed to get the country out of the pandemic rut it seemed to be stuck in at the beginning of winter – recently stated on its website that vaccines had currently saved the life of around 10,400 older Britons. With the vaccine slowing the spread and preventing new infections, it is likely that this figure is an underestimate. The British can now get ready for a less socially distant summer than last year!

    to be in full swing/battre son plein, être en plein essor - jab/piqûre, vaccin - pretty much/quasiment, pratiquement - elderly/personnes âgées - rut/ornière - to be stuck/être bloqué, coincé - around/environ - Briton/Britannique - spread/propagation - to prevent/empêcher, prévenir - to be likely/être probable - figure/chiffre

    Publié le 22/04/2021

  • 1.5L

    It isn't a cliché: the British do drink a lot of tea. A recent Forbes poll revealed that 45% of the British population drink more than 6 cups per day – the equivalent of about 1.5L! Even in this quantity, the beverage isn't harmful: it is half as strong as coffee. In the UK, brewing a cup of tea for someone is often a sign of care, and this habit is actually backed by science: tea contains theanine, a calming compound, which explains why it is considered so comforting.

    poll/sondage - beverage/boisson - harmful/nocif - to brew/infuser, préparer - care/ici, affection, tendresse - to back/soutenir, appuyer - compound/(chimie) composé, substance - comforting/réconfortant

    Publié le 30/03/2021

  • 30 millions de £

    In 2020, Captain Tom Moore, a British WWII veteran decided to raise money for charity in the run-up to his 100th birthday. During the first lockdown in April, he challenged himself to walk 100 times the length of his garden, in the course of 10 days, aiming to raise £1,000 for the National Health Service. But his “birthday walk” won over British hearts and on the day he turned 100, Moore had raised £30 million, become a popular household name and was even knighted by the Queen. A beautiful end-of-life achievement: Moore contracted coronavirus in early February, and died a few weeks ago.

    to raise money/collecter des fonds – charity/œuvre caritative - run-up/période précédant qqch – lockdown/confinement - to aim/viser à - to win, won, won over/conquérir, gagner, séduire - household name/nom connu de tous, célèbre - to knight/faire chevalier, anoblir – achievement/accomplissement

    Publié le 1/03/2021

  • 81

    The number of governments and political parties using disinformation to manipulate public opinion is on the rise: a new report published by the Oxford Internet Institute suggests that 81 countries were involved in spreading "fake news" online in 2020 (there were just 28 in 2017). Worryingly, disinformation campaigns have also become increasingly professionalized. Previously, they were conducted by bots and government employees. Now, social-media influencers and public relation firms are hired to carry out the dirty work – making online disinformation harder to spot, and harder to stop. If you think disinformation only concerns countries like Russia, China or Brazil, you may be surprised: the list includes many European Union countries (Germany, Italy, Spain), the U.S., the U.K. and Australia. Are we also facing a pandemic of "fake news"?

    on the rise/en augmentation - to be involved in/être impliqué dans - to spread, spread, spread/répandre - worryingly/de manière inquiétante - increasingly/de plus en plus - previously/jusqu'alors - to conduct/mener - bot/robot - to hire/embaucher, engager - to carry out/ effectuer, réaliser - dirty work/sale boulot - hard/difficile - to spot/repérer, détecter - to face/faire face, être confronté à

    Publié le 1/02/2021

  • 40 000

    The pandemic has often highlighted the flaws of the European and American healthcare systems, with many medics demanding more funding and better work conditions. It also highlighted one of the system's main flaw: the lack of nurses. In the UK alone, the NHS failed to fill the 40,000 nurse positions which were vacant before the pandemic – it is estimated that even more will be needed in the next few years. The country was heavily relying on foreign-trained nurses which, according to The Economist, accounts for 15% of the workforce. With Brexit looming ahead, how will Britain manage to cope?

    to highlight/mettre en lumière - flaw/faille - medic/médecin - to demand/exiger, réclamer - NHS = National Health Service/système de santé public britannique - to fail to/ne pas réussir, parvenir à - to fill positions/pourvoir des postes - to rely on/compter sur, dépendre de - heavily/fortement - to account for/représenter - workforce/personnel, effectifs - to loom/se profiler, menacer - to cope/faire face, s'en sortir

    Publié le 5/01/2021

  • 600 millions

    The coronavirus vaccine may be a good news for rich countries – but it may take years before poorer ones can access it. A recent report from The Economist show that 600 millions of doses – that's half of what can be produced by Pfizer by the end of 2020 – have already been purchased by a dozen of rich countries. The rest of the world mostly relies on COVAX – an alliance created by WHO – to develop and distribute a vaccine. The scheme has planned for 500 million doses to be acquired and distributed. Though the participating countries will each receive their share, this number means that they will only be able to inoculate a fifth of their population.

    report/ici, article - to purchase/acheter - dozen/douzaine - mostly/principalement - to rely on/compter sur, dépendre de - WHO = World Health Organisation/Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) - scheme/programme - to plan/prévoir - share/part - to inoculate/vacciner

    Publié le 8/12/2020

  • 22 Millions

    Two weeks before the election, 22 million Americans have already cast their ballots, breaking the record for early participation. The reason can be attributed to the pandemic – many citizens deciding to vote by mail to avoid contagion. Polling stations opening early also witnessed impressive waiting lines and larger than expected crowds. If this trend continues to election day, experts predict a participation of 150 million voters – a bigger turnout than in any election since 1908.

    to cast, cast, cast one's ballot/voter - to break, broke, broken a record/battre un record - by mail/par correspondance - polling station/bureau de vote - to witness/être témoin de, observer - waiting line/file d'attente - crowd/ici, public - trend/tendance - turnout/participation (électorale)

    Publié le 2/11/2020

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