En chiffres

  • 600 millions

    The coronavirus vaccine may be a good news for rich countries – but it may take years before poorer ones can access it. A recent report from The Economist show that 600 millions of doses – that's half of what can be produced by Pfizer by the end of 2020 – have already been purchased by a dozen of rich countries. The rest of the world mostly relies on COVAX – an alliance created by WHO – to develop and distribute a vaccine. The scheme has planned for 500 million doses to be acquired and distributed. Though the participating countries will each receive their share, this number means that they will only be able to inoculate a fifth of their population.

    report/ici, article - to purchase/acheter - dozen/douzaine - mostly/principalement - to rely on/compter sur, dépendre de - WHO = World Health Organisation/Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) - scheme/programme - to plan/prévoir - share/part - to inoculate/vacciner

    Publié le 8/12/2020

  • 22 Millions

    Two weeks before the election, 22 million Americans have already cast their ballots, breaking the record for early participation. The reason can be attributed to the pandemic – many citizens deciding to vote by mail to avoid contagion. Polling stations opening early also witnessed impressive waiting lines and larger than expected crowds. If this trend continues to election day, experts predict a participation of 150 million voters – a bigger turnout than in any election since 1908.

    to cast, cast, cast one's ballot/voter - to break, broke, broken a record/battre un record - by mail/par correspondance - polling station/bureau de vote - to witness/être témoin de, observer - waiting line/file d'attente - crowd/ici, public - trend/tendance - turnout/participation (électorale)

    Publié le 2/11/2020

  • 45 minutes

    The presidential candidates were offered one last chance to convince Americans to vote for them in a 60 minute interview organised by the American TV channel, CBS. Joe Biden took this opportunity to reassert his priorities: the coronavirus crisis, healthcare, institutional racism and international policies. Donald Trump's performance was less measured: he cut the interview short after 45 minutes, accusing the journalist of being too tough on him. News service, CNN, did a fact check and found that in the 45 minutes of Trump speaking, he made 16 false or misleading claims, including the accusation that Joe Biden spied on his campaign.

    Publié le 29/10/2020

  • 3 millions

    Hillary Clinton won the popular vote but lost the election in 2016 because of the way the U.S. electoral system is constructed. Here are three facts to understand it better:

    - On election day, Americans vote for electors – not for a candidate. Each state has a given number of electors based on the size of its population. For example, California has 55 e while Wyoming only has 3.

    - Electors are elected as a group. For example, if a political party secures a majority of 51% in California, it will still win its 55 electors, and not just half of them. Each State votes for one party or the other.

    - This means that, in total, more people can vote for one candidate without him or her being elected, if he or she fails to secure a majority by a small amount in certain states.

    Hilary Clinton wasn't the first one to win the popular vote and lose the election: in 2000, Al Gore gained more votes compared to George W. Bush.

    way/façon, manière - state/état - given/ici, certain - size/taille - to secure/ci, obtenir - to mean, meant, meant/signifier, vouloir dire - to fail to/ne pas parvenir à - amount/ici, degré, marge - to gain/obtenir

    Publié le 15/10/2020

  • 1 million

    Fire season is a natural annual occurrence in California, as part of its ecosystem. However, the fires have have been wildly out of control in recent years – the average number of burnt land doubled between the 1990's and the 2010's. In 2020 alone, one million hectares have already been destroyed. The main reason is the increasing influence of climate change, with hotter temperatures creating drier landscapes and therefore more fire. Because of California's urban development, fires are also increasingly destructive: as cities spread, more and more homes are being built in woodland areas – leaving them an easy target for the flames.

    occurrence/phénomène - wildly/ici, totalement - average/moyen - land/terre, terrain - main/principal - increasing/croissant - landscape/paysage, environnement - therefore/donc, par conséquent - to spread, spread, spread/s’étendre, se développer - woodland/boisé - area/zone - target/cible

    Publié le 28/09/2020

  • 80 million

    76% of Americans will be eligible to vote by mail for November's presidential election – and many may well do so, with 80 million voters predicted to cast their ballot by post – more than twice as many as in 2016. This change is driven by the pandemic, as many fear polling stations will encourage virus transmission. Surprisingly, voting by mail may mean less absentees and a higher turnout – as was the case during primaries, when voting by mail was encouraged in certain states. However, Trump is promoting his own version of these events, claiming that voting by post will do nothing but help Democrats. He has proceeded to block postal funds to prevent expanded mail-in voting. Many have called his decision an attack on democracy.

    to be eligible/avoir le droit - by mail/par correspondance - to predict/prévoir - to cast, cast, cast one's ballot/ici, voter (déposer son bulletin de vote) - twice as many/ici, le double - to be driven by/ici, être dû à - to fear/craindre - polling station/bureau de vote - turnout/participation (électorale) - primaries/élections primaires de sélection du candidat officiel d'un parti à la présidence - to promote/défendre, soutenir - to claim/affirmer, prétendre - to prevent/empêcher - mail-in/par correspondance

    Publié le 31/08/2020

  • 68%

    Trump expected a raucous return for his first electoral rally in three months. He arrived in Tulsa, where only 6,200 supporters showed up, against the 19,000 the arena could hold: a decrease of 68%. A disappointing number, for a president who boasted about ''never having an empty seat'' at a rally throughout his 2016 campaign. What happened? Commentators have blamed a recent local coronavirus outbreak, Trump's abrupt decrease in popularity over the last few months and... TikTok! Many users posted videos about booking a ticket with no intention of going – leaving Trump's team to think that attendance would be much larger than it actually was.

    to expect/(s')attendre (à), espérer - raucous/retentissant, très animé - rally/rassemblement - supporter/partisan - to show, showed, showed or shown up/être présent, se présenter - to hold, held, held/contenir, accueillir - to boast about/se vanter de - to blame/imputer à, mettre sur le compte de - outbreak/épidémie - to book/réserver - attendance/fréquentation, nombre de spectateurs - actually/réellement

    Publié le 2/07/2020

  • 15%

    An economic slowdown, renewable energy growth and the impact of Covid-19 have led to the first year-on-year reduction in India’s CO2 emissions in four decades. Emissions fell by around 1% in the fiscal year ending March 2020, as coal consumption fell and oil consumption flatlined. According to the Carbon Brief, the country’s CO2 emissions fell by an estimated 15% during the month of March and are likely to have fallen 30% in April.

    slowdown/ralentissement, récession - renewable energy/énergie renouvelable - growth/croissance - year-on-year/d'une année sur l'autre - coal/charbon - oil/pétrole - to flatline/stagner - according to/d'après, selon - estimated/environ - to be likely to/ici, sembler

    Publié le 25/05/2020

  • 29 000 000 de £

    Captain Tom Moore is a former British Army officer known for his efforts to raise money for charity in the run-up to his 100th birthday during the 2020 coronavirus pandemic. On 6 April 2020, at the age of 99, the Second Wold War veteran began to walk around his garden in aid of NHS Charities Together during the COVID-19 pandemic, with the goal of raising £1,000 by his hundredth birthday. By 26 April he had raised over £29 million.

    former/ancien, ex - to raise money/collecter des fonds - charity/œuvre caritative - in the run-up to/à l'approche de - NHS = National Health Service/système de santé public britannique - goal/objectif - over/ici, plus de

    Publié le 28/04/2020

  • 1,311

    The British Museum revealed that 1,311 treasures were discovered by members of the public across England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2019 thanks to metal detectors. These finds included an iron age drinking set, a solid gold bronze age arm ring and a coin which helps tell the story of Carausius, a usurper emperor who in 286AD broke Britain away from Europe.

    Wales/(le) Pays de Galles - iron/(de) fer - set/ici, service - coin/pièce (de monnaie) - AD = Anno Domini/après Jésus-Christ - to break, broke, broken away from/séparer

    Publié le 1/04/2020

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