Personnalités

  • James Mattis

    James Mattis

    Last month, James Mattis resigned as US defence secretary, one day after Trump unexpectedly announced the withdrawal of American troops from Syria. Mattis was reported to have gone to the White House the previous day to try to persuade Trump to agree to a gradual withdrawal of troops from Syria and to leave a residual force of a few hundred. In his resignation letter, Mattis said the President deserved a defense chief more closely aligned with his “America First” views. Although Mattis was expected to stay in office until 28 February, Trump decided to move Mattis’ departure date up to January 1 and to name Patrick Shanahan to replace him. A few days ago, Trump claimed that he “essentially” fired Mattis because he "wanted results."

    to resign/démissionner - defence secretary/secrétaire à la Défense (= ministre de la Défense) - unexpectedly/de manière inattendue - withdrawal/retrait - previous/précédent; ici, previous day/la veille - to deserve/mériter - to be expected to/être censé - in office/en fonction - to claim/prétendre - to fire/licencier

    Publié le 3/01/2019
  • Millie Bobby Brown

    Millie Bobby Brown

    Stranger Things star Millie Bobby Brown has been named UNICEF’s Goodwill Ambassador. As such, she will have the task to raise awareness of children’s rights and the issues affecting them around the world, including lack of education, bullying, and poverty. The 14-year-old actress is the youngest person ever to be appointed to this position. After the news was announced, on November 20, Millie Bobby Brown said it was "a dream come true". "I will speak out for the millions of children and young people whose voices have been silenced for far too long", she added during a press conference at the UN headquarters in New York.

    Publié le 10/12/2018
  • Kanye West

    Kanye West

    Earlier this month, American Youtube star and commentator Candace Owens announced that Kanye West had designed a clothing line for her conservative campaign encouraging black Americans to quit the Democratic party. The campaign, called Blexit, is described as "a frequency for those who have released themselves from the political orthodoxy". She said that the rapper created two designs for the Blexit merchandise range, which were unveiled at the Young Black Leadership Summit in the end of October. Kanye West has been a vocal supporter of Donald Trump since the 2016 election campaign. He even visited the American President at the White House after the passing of the Music Modernization Act earlier in October. However, a few days after the announcement, the rapper denied designing clothing for the campaign. He tweeted: "My eyes are now wide open. I am distancing myself from politics and completely focusing on being creative."

    to design/ici, dessiner - to lead, led, led/mener - Blexit/contraction de Black et Exit - to release/(se) libérer - range/gamme - to unveil/dévoiler - vocal/ardent - passing/adoption - act/loi

    Publié le 9/11/2018
  • Jeff Bezos

    Jeff Bezos

    Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos, with a personal fortune of roughly $163 billion, has just launched his first charitable initiative. Last month he announced the creation of the Bezos Day One Fund, which will tackle two main causes for now: building early education programs in low-income communities and helping the homeless. It will begin with a commitment of $2 billion. Bezos said that the charity was inspired by Mary’s Place in Seattle, a local nonprofit organization that partnered with Amazon last year to build a 200-bed homeless shelter, set to open in 2020.

    CEO = Chief Executive Officer/PDG, président-directeur général – roughly/environ – billion/milliard - to tackle/s'attaquer à - early education/éducation préscolaire - low-income/à faible revenu, défavorisé – homeless/sans-abri – commitment/engagement (financier) – charity/organisation caritative – nonprofit/à but non lucratif – shelter/refuge - to be set to/ici, être prévu, devoir

    Publié le 1/10/2018
  • Sadiq Khan

    Sadiq Khan

    In August, the mayor of London asked the London Resilience Forum to start preparing for a no-deal Brexit. The London Resilience Forum is a body in charge of preparing and responding to emergencies that may occur in the capital: terrorist attacks, natural disasters, fires... Sadiq Khan ordered the Forum to assess the impact a no-deal Brexit would have on access to medicines, food and energy in the city. He also said that the government had "completely mishandled the Brexit negotiations and been held hostage by the hard-Brexit zealots in parliament."

    mayor/maire - no-deal Brexit/sortie du Royaume-Uni de l'Union européenne sans accord de retrait – body/ici, organisme – emergency/urgence - to occur/se produire - to assess/estimer, évaluer - to mishandle/mal gérer – zealot/fanatique

    Publié le 3/09/2018
  • Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

    Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

    Last month, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, a 28-year-old Puerto Rican American and political newcomer, beat Representative Joe Crowley at a Democratic primary election in New York’s 14th Congressional District, winning by a large margin. Her unexpected victory shook the Democratic Party. Joe Crowley, the fourth-ranking Democrat in the House of Representatives, was expected to be the party’s next House leader. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez worked as a waitress until a few months ago and is a former organizer for Bernie Sanders’ presidential campaign. Her own campaign was based on left-wing proposals such as universal healthcare, a federal jobs guarantee program and abolishing Immigration and Customs Enforcement. If she wins the midterm election next November, she would be the youngest female member of Congress ever.

    newcomer/nouvelle venue – representative/membre de la Chambre des représentants, député - primary election/élection primaire (élection de sélection au sein d'un parti) - Congressional District/circonscription représentée au Congrès – unexpected/inattendu - fourth-ranking/ici, qui occupe la 4e place dans la hiérarchie - House of Representatives/Chambre des représentants - House leader/ici, chef des représentants (d’un parti) – waitress/serveuse - left-wing/de gauche – healthcare/ici, couverture santé - Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)/agence fédérale chargée de mener, entre autres, des enquêtes sur l'immigration illégale (De nombreuses voix se sont élevées pour demander sa suppression après la séparation d'enfants et de parents migrants) - midterm election (US)/élections de mi-mandat – ever/ici, jamais élue

    Publié le 5/07/2018
  • Leo Varadkar

    Leo Varadkar

    Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar has made public information about an adoption scandal that is shaking up Ireland. Ireland's child and family agency Tusla recently discovered that former Catholic adoption agency St Patrick's Guild, which ended its operations in 2004, illegaly registered 126 births between 1949 and 1969. Adoptive parents of these babies — who are now in their 50s, 60s and 70s — were registered as their birth parents. Social workers are now contacting these people. Leo Varadkar has apologised in Parliament and described the discovery of these illegal registrations as “another dark chapter in our history.” He also warned that there could potentially be “hundreds of thousands” further illegal adoption registration records and that an investigation will be carried out.

    to make, made, made public/rendre public, révéler - former/ancien, ex - to register/ici, déclarer - birth parents/parents biologiques - social worker/assistant social - to apologise/présenter des excuses - to warn/prévenir, avertir - further/ici, supplémentaire - record/dossier - to carry out/mener

    Publié le 7/06/2018
  • Elizabeth II

    Elizabeth II

    British politicians across the spectrum have called for the Queen to be nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her "determined diplomacy" in “keeping the Commonwealth alive". The senior politicians who have called for this move include Lord Howell, a former minister from the Thatcher era, and Labour’s MP Frank Field. According to reports, some small Commonwealth countries would also consider nominating the Queen. Numerous other heads of state have been nominated for the award, including Queen Sofia of Spain in 2015.

    across the spectrum/ici, de tous les bords - senior/de premier plan, éminent - move/démarche, initiative - era/époque, ère - Labour/parti travailliste - MP = Member of Parliament/membre du parlement, député - report/ici, rumeur - to consider/envisager - award/récompense, distinction

    Publié le 23/04/2018
  • Mark Zuckerberg

    Mark Zuckerberg

    Mark Zuckerberg has found himself in the middle of a massive data breach scandal. Last month, some newspapers revealed that over 50 million Facebook profiles ended up being given to British political consultancy firm Cambridge Analytica, which managed Trump’s online presidential campaign. The data was first gathered through an app and then sold to Cambridge Analytica. Facebook policies, which allowed third-party app developers to extract personal data about users, have been denounced. Mark Zuckerberg has apologised and said these policies are being changed. He also agreed to testify before Congress about how Facebook will protect its users.

    data breach/violation de données – over/ici, plus de - to end up/ici, se retrouver - to gather/collecter – through/ici, grâce à – policy/politique - to allow/autoriser - third-party/tiers - to extract/extraire, soutirer - to apologise/présenter des excuses - to testify/témoigner – before/ici, devant

    Publié le 30/03/2018
  • Mary Lou McDonald

    Mary Lou McDonald

    Sinn Féin, the Irish Party that is also active in Northern Ireland and whose ultimate goal is Ireland’s reunification, has a new leader. Mary Lou McDonald was named President of the party last February in Dublin. The new leader embodies what has been described as a “generational change” within the party and should be attractive to a wider spectrum of voters in the Republic of Ireland. In her first speech as party president, Mary Lou McDonald said she wanted to win a referendum on Irish unity.

    ultimate/ultime, final - goal/objectif, but - to embody/incarner - [she] should be attractive to.../elle devrait s'attirer les faveurs de... - wider spectrum of voters/électorat plus large (spectrum/éventail)

    Publié le 5/03/2018

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