Personnalités

  • Bernie Sanders

    Bernie Sanders

    Bernie Sanders, Senator from Vermont, has officially joined the 2020 presidential race. The 79-year-old self-declared socialist politician already ran in the 2016 Democratic presidential primary, losing to Hillary Clinton. “Three years ago during our 2016 campaign, when we brought forth our progressive agenda, we were told that our ideas were ‘radical’ and they were ‘extreme.’ Well, three years have come and gone,” he said in his 11-minute announcement video. His proposals include enacting a “Medicare for All” health care system, and implementing a $15 an hour minimum wage for all American workers as well as free tuition at public colleges. One week after his announcement, the senator had already collected $10 million from 359,914 donors for his campaign, which establishes him as a financial front-runner in a crowded Democratic field.

    race/course - self-declared/autoproclamé - to run, ran, run/ici, se présenter à - primary/élection primaire (élection de sélection au sein d’un parti) - to/ici, contre - to bring, brought, brought forth/présenter - progressive/progressiste - agenda/programme (politique) - to come, came, come and go, went, gone/aller et venir; ici, passer, s’écouler - to enact/mettre en œuvre - Medicare/programme fédéral d’assistance médicale aux personnes âgées - health care/(système) de santé - to implement/mettre en place, instaurer - wage/salaire - tuition/(frais de) scolarité - college (US)/université - front-runner/candidat le mieux placé, favori

    Publié le 28/02/2019
  • John Bercow

    John Bercow

    John Bercow, the sharp-tongued Speaker of the U.K. House of Commons, has become an unlikely international celebrity, mostly thanks to his infamous ‘order, order’ calls when presiding over debates in the House. However, his interventions in Brexit debates have prompted accusations from some members of the Conservative Party that he is an opponent of Brexit, working to undermine it. As the Speaker of the House, he is required to be politically neutral. But he infuriated the government when he allowed for a vote giving the prime minister just three working days to present her Brexit “Plan B” after her withdrawal agreement was rejected by the MPs on 15 January. He could reportedly be the first Speaker to be denied the customary peerage by Downing Street when he retires.

    sharp-tongued/incisif, mordant - Speaker of the House of Commons/président de la Chambre des communes - unlikely/inattendu - infamous/célèbre (pour de mauvaises raisons) - to prompt/susciter, donner lieu à - opponent/opposant - to undermine/miner, saper - to infuriate/exaspérer, ulcérer - withdrawal agreement/accord de retrait - MP = Member of Parliament/membre du parlement, député - reportedly/selon les rumeurs, paraît-il - to deny/refuser, priver - customary/traditionnel - peerage/pairie (titre de noblesse) - Downing Street/(résidence londonienne du) Premier ministre britannique - to retire/partir à la retraite

    Publié le 31/01/2019
  • James Mattis

    James Mattis

    Last month, James Mattis resigned as US defence secretary, one day after Trump unexpectedly announced the withdrawal of American troops from Syria. Mattis was reported to have gone to the White House the previous day to try to persuade Trump to agree to a gradual withdrawal of troops from Syria and to leave a residual force of a few hundred. In his resignation letter, Mattis said the President deserved a defense chief more closely aligned with his “America First” views. Although Mattis was expected to stay in office until 28 February, Trump decided to move Mattis’ departure date up to January 1 and to name Patrick Shanahan to replace him. A few days ago, Trump claimed that he “essentially” fired Mattis because he "wanted results."

    to resign/démissionner - defence secretary/secrétaire à la Défense (= ministre de la Défense) - unexpectedly/de manière inattendue - withdrawal/retrait - previous/précédent; ici, previous day/la veille - to deserve/mériter - to be expected to/être censé - in office/en fonction - to claim/prétendre - to fire/licencier

    Publié le 3/01/2019
  • Millie Bobby Brown

    Millie Bobby Brown

    Stranger Things star Millie Bobby Brown has been named UNICEF’s Goodwill Ambassador. As such, she will have the task to raise awareness of children’s rights and the issues affecting them around the world, including lack of education, bullying, and poverty. The 14-year-old actress is the youngest person ever to be appointed to this position. After the news was announced, on November 20, Millie Bobby Brown said it was "a dream come true". "I will speak out for the millions of children and young people whose voices have been silenced for far too long", she added during a press conference at the UN headquarters in New York.

    Publié le 10/12/2018
  • Kanye West

    Kanye West

    Earlier this month, American Youtube star and commentator Candace Owens announced that Kanye West had designed a clothing line for her conservative campaign encouraging black Americans to quit the Democratic party. The campaign, called Blexit, is described as "a frequency for those who have released themselves from the political orthodoxy". She said that the rapper created two designs for the Blexit merchandise range, which were unveiled at the Young Black Leadership Summit in the end of October. Kanye West has been a vocal supporter of Donald Trump since the 2016 election campaign. He even visited the American President at the White House after the passing of the Music Modernization Act earlier in October. However, a few days after the announcement, the rapper denied designing clothing for the campaign. He tweeted: "My eyes are now wide open. I am distancing myself from politics and completely focusing on being creative."

    to design/ici, dessiner - to lead, led, led/mener - Blexit/contraction de Black et Exit - to release/(se) libérer - range/gamme - to unveil/dévoiler - vocal/ardent - passing/adoption - act/loi

    Publié le 9/11/2018
  • Jeff Bezos

    Jeff Bezos

    Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos, with a personal fortune of roughly $163 billion, has just launched his first charitable initiative. Last month he announced the creation of the Bezos Day One Fund, which will tackle two main causes for now: building early education programs in low-income communities and helping the homeless. It will begin with a commitment of $2 billion. Bezos said that the charity was inspired by Mary’s Place in Seattle, a local nonprofit organization that partnered with Amazon last year to build a 200-bed homeless shelter, set to open in 2020.

    CEO = Chief Executive Officer/PDG, président-directeur général – roughly/environ – billion/milliard - to tackle/s'attaquer à - early education/éducation préscolaire - low-income/à faible revenu, défavorisé – homeless/sans-abri – commitment/engagement (financier) – charity/organisation caritative – nonprofit/à but non lucratif – shelter/refuge - to be set to/ici, être prévu, devoir

    Publié le 1/10/2018
  • Sadiq Khan

    Sadiq Khan

    In August, the mayor of London asked the London Resilience Forum to start preparing for a no-deal Brexit. The London Resilience Forum is a body in charge of preparing and responding to emergencies that may occur in the capital: terrorist attacks, natural disasters, fires... Sadiq Khan ordered the Forum to assess the impact a no-deal Brexit would have on access to medicines, food and energy in the city. He also said that the government had "completely mishandled the Brexit negotiations and been held hostage by the hard-Brexit zealots in parliament."

    mayor/maire - no-deal Brexit/sortie du Royaume-Uni de l'Union européenne sans accord de retrait – body/ici, organisme – emergency/urgence - to occur/se produire - to assess/estimer, évaluer - to mishandle/mal gérer – zealot/fanatique

    Publié le 3/09/2018
  • Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

    Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

    Last month, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, a 28-year-old Puerto Rican American and political newcomer, beat Representative Joe Crowley at a Democratic primary election in New York’s 14th Congressional District, winning by a large margin. Her unexpected victory shook the Democratic Party. Joe Crowley, the fourth-ranking Democrat in the House of Representatives, was expected to be the party’s next House leader. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez worked as a waitress until a few months ago and is a former organizer for Bernie Sanders’ presidential campaign. Her own campaign was based on left-wing proposals such as universal healthcare, a federal jobs guarantee program and abolishing Immigration and Customs Enforcement. If she wins the midterm election next November, she would be the youngest female member of Congress ever.

    newcomer/nouvelle venue – representative/membre de la Chambre des représentants, député - primary election/élection primaire (élection de sélection au sein d'un parti) - Congressional District/circonscription représentée au Congrès – unexpected/inattendu - fourth-ranking/ici, qui occupe la 4e place dans la hiérarchie - House of Representatives/Chambre des représentants - House leader/ici, chef des représentants (d’un parti) – waitress/serveuse - left-wing/de gauche – healthcare/ici, couverture santé - Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)/agence fédérale chargée de mener, entre autres, des enquêtes sur l'immigration illégale (De nombreuses voix se sont élevées pour demander sa suppression après la séparation d'enfants et de parents migrants) - midterm election (US)/élections de mi-mandat – ever/ici, jamais élue

    Publié le 5/07/2018
  • Leo Varadkar

    Leo Varadkar

    Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar has made public information about an adoption scandal that is shaking up Ireland. Ireland's child and family agency Tusla recently discovered that former Catholic adoption agency St Patrick's Guild, which ended its operations in 2004, illegaly registered 126 births between 1949 and 1969. Adoptive parents of these babies — who are now in their 50s, 60s and 70s — were registered as their birth parents. Social workers are now contacting these people. Leo Varadkar has apologised in Parliament and described the discovery of these illegal registrations as “another dark chapter in our history.” He also warned that there could potentially be “hundreds of thousands” further illegal adoption registration records and that an investigation will be carried out.

    to make, made, made public/rendre public, révéler - former/ancien, ex - to register/ici, déclarer - birth parents/parents biologiques - social worker/assistant social - to apologise/présenter des excuses - to warn/prévenir, avertir - further/ici, supplémentaire - record/dossier - to carry out/mener

    Publié le 7/06/2018
  • Elizabeth II

    Elizabeth II

    British politicians across the spectrum have called for the Queen to be nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of her "determined diplomacy" in “keeping the Commonwealth alive". The senior politicians who have called for this move include Lord Howell, a former minister from the Thatcher era, and Labour’s MP Frank Field. According to reports, some small Commonwealth countries would also consider nominating the Queen. Numerous other heads of state have been nominated for the award, including Queen Sofia of Spain in 2015.

    across the spectrum/ici, de tous les bords - senior/de premier plan, éminent - move/démarche, initiative - era/époque, ère - Labour/parti travailliste - MP = Member of Parliament/membre du parlement, député - report/ici, rumeur - to consider/envisager - award/récompense, distinction

    Publié le 23/04/2018

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