Personnalités

  • Mahatma Gandhi

    Mahatma Gandhi

    The 1st of October will mark the 150th anniversary of the birth of the Indian political leader and spiritual guide. Born Mohandas Gandhi in Gujarat, India in 1869, he was part of an elite family. A lawyer by trade, his nonviolent approach to political change helped India gain independence after nearly a century of British colonial rule. A national icon, his philosophy of truth-focused, non-violent non-cooperation he called Satyagraha, led him to being referred to as Mahatma, Sanskrit for great soul or saint.

    born/né - to be part of/faire partie de ; ici, être issu de - elite/ici, aisé - lawyer/avocat - by trade/de métier - to gain/obtenir - nearly/presque, près de - rule/domination - truth-focused/attaché à la vérité - non-cooperation/désobéissance civile - to be referred to as/être surnommé - soul/âme

    Publié le 30/09/2019
  • Jeffrey Epstein

    Jeffrey Epstein

    Last month, Jeffrey Epstein allegedly hung himself in his jail cell in New York. The 66 year-old disgraced financier, accused of sex trafficking crimes going back to the early 2000s involving women and girls as young as 14, was awaiting for his trial. Jeffrey Epstein had allegedly tried to harm himself several weeks before his suicide, and had been temporarily placed on suicide watch before being taken off. Questions have been raised as to how he was able to kill himself in this Lower Manhattan facility, considered one of the most secure federal prisons in the country. Investigations into his death have been launched, including one by the FBI. Victims and their families have expressed their frustration at not being able to confront him in court. Jeffrey Epstein had many important friends in business, political and society circles, including former U.S. President Bill Clinton, Prince Andrew, and current U.S. President Donald Trump.

    allegedly/prétendument (ici, ... se serait ...) - to hang, hung, hung oneself/se pendre - jail cell/cellule de prison - disgraced/déshonoré, en disgrâce - to go, went, gone back to/remonter à - to await/attendre - trial/procès - to harm oneself/se faire du mal - watch/surveillance (anti-suicide) - to take, took, taken off/ici, faire sortir - to raise questions/susciter des doutes - to kill oneself/se suicider - facility/ici, établissement (pénitentiaire) - secure/sûr - FBI= Federal Bureau of Investigation - to confront/affronter - court/tribunal - former/ancien - current/actuel

    Publié le 2/09/2019
  • Andrew Cuomo

    Andrew Cuomo

    New York governor, Andrew Cuomo, has signed a bill allowing the city’s undocumented immigrants to have access to driving licenses. The bill, approved by the New York State Assembly and Senate, will reverse a nearly 20-year-old ban. Although Andrew Cuomo had supported this policy for over a decade, he did raise last-minute concerns before signing the bill, about whether the information about undocumented immigrants gathered by the state DMV could be obtained by federal officials and used for immigration enforcement. After consulting State Solicitor General Barbara Underwood, who assured him the measure contains ample protection for those applying for driving licenses, the governor signed what is seen as landmark legislation for New Yorkers.

    bill/ici, projet de loi - to allow/permettre - undocumented/sans papiers, clandestin - driving license/permis de conduire - to reverse/annuler, mettre fin à - ban/interdiction - to support/soutenir - policy/mesure (politique) - decade/décennie - to raise concerns/soulever des inquiétudes ; ici, exprimer ses inquiétudes - to gather/recueillir - DMV = Department of Motor Vehicles - official/fonctionnaire - enforcement/application (ici, de la loi sur l’immigration) - State Solicitor General/procureur général de l'État de New York - to apply for/faire une demande de - landmark/majeur, capital

    Publié le 9/07/2019
  • Jeremy Corbyn

    Jeremy Corbyn

    In the wake of the Labour Party’s disastrous results in the European elections – with less than 15% of the vote, the party fell behind the Liberal Democrats – Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has now pledged to support a second referendum on any Brexit deal. Speaking in Dublin, he said the only way to break the deadlock would be a general election or a second referendum after negotiating a softer Brexit deal with Brussels.

    Publié le 7/06/2019
  • Alfred Keating

    Alfred Keating

    In April, Alfred Keating, one of New Zealand’s former top-ranked military officials, was on trial. The senior naval officer was accused of planting a hidden camera in a unisex bathroom at the country’s embassy in Washington. He has just been found guilty by Auckland District Court and will be sentenced on June 25. Keating joined the navy in 1976 and was at the top of his career before he resigned in 2018 following the allegations.

    former/ancien - top-ranked/ici, haut gradé (to rank classer) - to be on trial/être jugé - to plant/installer - hidden/caché - to be found guilty/être reconnu coupable - to sentence/condamner - to resign/démissionner - allegation/accusation

    Publié le 29/04/2019
  • Jeanine Pirro

    Jeanine Pirro

    Jeanine Pirro, host for Fox News, stirred up controversy recently after claiming Congresswoman Ilhan Omar’s hijab might be "antithetical to the United States Constitution" in her broadcast on 9 March. She suggested that Omar’s religious attire might mean she abided by Sharia, the religious law based on Islamic tradition. In response, Fox News publicly condemned Pirro’s comments and suspended her weekend show on the channel, Justice with Judge Jeanine, for a couple of weeks. Pirro’s fans, as well as U.S. president Donald Trump, have criticized Fox on social media for the decision.

    host/animatrice, présentatrice - to stir up controversy/susciter la polémique - to claim/affirmer, déclarer - Congresswoman/membre du Congrès - broadcast/émission - attire/tenue - to abide by/respecter, obéir à - show/émission - channel/chaîne (TV)

    Publié le 1/04/2019
  • Bernie Sanders

    Bernie Sanders

    Bernie Sanders, Senator from Vermont, has officially joined the 2020 presidential race. The 79-year-old self-declared socialist politician already ran in the 2016 Democratic presidential primary, losing to Hillary Clinton. “Three years ago during our 2016 campaign, when we brought forth our progressive agenda, we were told that our ideas were ‘radical’ and they were ‘extreme.’ Well, three years have come and gone,” he said in his 11-minute announcement video. His proposals include enacting a “Medicare for All” health care system, and implementing a $15 an hour minimum wage for all American workers as well as free tuition at public colleges. One week after his announcement, the senator had already collected $10 million from 359,914 donors for his campaign, which establishes him as a financial front-runner in a crowded Democratic field.

    race/course - self-declared/autoproclamé - to run, ran, run/ici, se présenter à - primary/élection primaire (élection de sélection au sein d’un parti) - to/ici, contre - to bring, brought, brought forth/présenter - progressive/progressiste - agenda/programme (politique) - to come, came, come and go, went, gone/aller et venir; ici, passer, s’écouler - to enact/mettre en œuvre - Medicare/programme fédéral d’assistance médicale aux personnes âgées - health care/(système) de santé - to implement/mettre en place, instaurer - wage/salaire - tuition/(frais de) scolarité - college (US)/université - front-runner/candidat le mieux placé, favori

    Publié le 28/02/2019
  • John Bercow

    John Bercow

    John Bercow, the sharp-tongued Speaker of the U.K. House of Commons, has become an unlikely international celebrity, mostly thanks to his infamous ‘order, order’ calls when presiding over debates in the House. However, his interventions in Brexit debates have prompted accusations from some members of the Conservative Party that he is an opponent of Brexit, working to undermine it. As the Speaker of the House, he is required to be politically neutral. But he infuriated the government when he allowed for a vote giving the prime minister just three working days to present her Brexit “Plan B” after her withdrawal agreement was rejected by the MPs on 15 January. He could reportedly be the first Speaker to be denied the customary peerage by Downing Street when he retires.

    sharp-tongued/incisif, mordant - Speaker of the House of Commons/président de la Chambre des communes - unlikely/inattendu - infamous/célèbre (pour de mauvaises raisons) - to prompt/susciter, donner lieu à - opponent/opposant - to undermine/miner, saper - to infuriate/exaspérer, ulcérer - withdrawal agreement/accord de retrait - MP = Member of Parliament/membre du parlement, député - reportedly/selon les rumeurs, paraît-il - to deny/refuser, priver - customary/traditionnel - peerage/pairie (titre de noblesse) - Downing Street/(résidence londonienne du) Premier ministre britannique - to retire/partir à la retraite

    Publié le 31/01/2019
  • James Mattis

    James Mattis

    Last month, James Mattis resigned as US defence secretary, one day after Trump unexpectedly announced the withdrawal of American troops from Syria. Mattis was reported to have gone to the White House the previous day to try to persuade Trump to agree to a gradual withdrawal of troops from Syria and to leave a residual force of a few hundred. In his resignation letter, Mattis said the President deserved a defense chief more closely aligned with his “America First” views. Although Mattis was expected to stay in office until 28 February, Trump decided to move Mattis’ departure date up to January 1 and to name Patrick Shanahan to replace him. A few days ago, Trump claimed that he “essentially” fired Mattis because he "wanted results."

    to resign/démissionner - defence secretary/secrétaire à la Défense (= ministre de la Défense) - unexpectedly/de manière inattendue - withdrawal/retrait - previous/précédent; ici, previous day/la veille - to deserve/mériter - to be expected to/être censé - in office/en fonction - to claim/prétendre - to fire/licencier

    Publié le 3/01/2019
  • Millie Bobby Brown

    Millie Bobby Brown

    Stranger Things star Millie Bobby Brown has been named UNICEF’s Goodwill Ambassador. As such, she will have the task to raise awareness of children’s rights and the issues affecting them around the world, including lack of education, bullying, and poverty. The 14-year-old actress is the youngest person ever to be appointed to this position. After the news was announced, on November 20, Millie Bobby Brown said it was "a dream come true". "I will speak out for the millions of children and young people whose voices have been silenced for far too long", she added during a press conference at the UN headquarters in New York.

    Publié le 10/12/2018

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