En chiffres

  • 30 millions de £

    In 2020, Captain Tom Moore, a British WWII veteran decided to raise money for charity in the run-up to his 100th birthday. During the first lockdown in April, he challenged himself to walk 100 times the length of his garden, in the course of 10 days, aiming to raise £1,000 for the National Health Service. But his “birthday walk” won over British hearts and on the day he turned 100, Moore had raised £30 million, become a popular household name and was even knighted by the Queen. A beautiful end-of-life achievement: Moore contracted coronavirus in early February, and died a few weeks ago.

    to raise money/collecter des fonds – charity/œuvre caritative - run-up/période précédant qqch – lockdown/confinement - to aim/viser à - to win, won, won over/conquérir, gagner, séduire - household name/nom connu de tous, célèbre - to knight/faire chevalier, anoblir – achievement/accomplissement

    Publié le 1/03/2021

  • 81

    The number of governments and political parties using disinformation to manipulate public opinion is on the rise: a new report published by the Oxford Internet Institute suggests that 81 countries were involved in spreading "fake news" online in 2020 (there were just 28 in 2017). Worryingly, disinformation campaigns have also become increasingly professionalized. Previously, they were conducted by bots and government employees. Now, social-media influencers and public relation firms are hired to carry out the dirty work – making online disinformation harder to spot, and harder to stop. If you think disinformation only concerns countries like Russia, China or Brazil, you may be surprised: the list includes many European Union countries (Germany, Italy, Spain), the U.S., the U.K. and Australia. Are we also facing a pandemic of "fake news"?

    on the rise/en augmentation - to be involved in/être impliqué dans - to spread, spread, spread/répandre - worryingly/de manière inquiétante - increasingly/de plus en plus - previously/jusqu'alors - to conduct/mener - bot/robot - to hire/embaucher, engager - to carry out/ effectuer, réaliser - dirty work/sale boulot - hard/difficile - to spot/repérer, détecter - to face/faire face, être confronté à

    Publié le 1/02/2021

  • 40 000

    The pandemic has often highlighted the flaws of the European and American healthcare systems, with many medics demanding more funding and better work conditions. It also highlighted one of the system's main flaw: the lack of nurses. In the UK alone, the NHS failed to fill the 40,000 nurse positions which were vacant before the pandemic – it is estimated that even more will be needed in the next few years. The country was heavily relying on foreign-trained nurses which, according to The Economist, accounts for 15% of the workforce. With Brexit looming ahead, how will Britain manage to cope?

    to highlight/mettre en lumière - flaw/faille - medic/médecin - to demand/exiger, réclamer - NHS = National Health Service/système de santé public britannique - to fail to/ne pas réussir, parvenir à - to fill positions/pourvoir des postes - to rely on/compter sur, dépendre de - heavily/fortement - to account for/représenter - workforce/personnel, effectifs - to loom/se profiler, menacer - to cope/faire face, s'en sortir

    Publié le 5/01/2021

  • 600 millions

    The coronavirus vaccine may be a good news for rich countries – but it may take years before poorer ones can access it. A recent report from The Economist show that 600 millions of doses – that's half of what can be produced by Pfizer by the end of 2020 – have already been purchased by a dozen of rich countries. The rest of the world mostly relies on COVAX – an alliance created by WHO – to develop and distribute a vaccine. The scheme has planned for 500 million doses to be acquired and distributed. Though the participating countries will each receive their share, this number means that they will only be able to inoculate a fifth of their population.

    report/ici, article - to purchase/acheter - dozen/douzaine - mostly/principalement - to rely on/compter sur, dépendre de - WHO = World Health Organisation/Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) - scheme/programme - to plan/prévoir - share/part - to inoculate/vacciner

    Publié le 8/12/2020

  • 22 Millions

    Two weeks before the election, 22 million Americans have already cast their ballots, breaking the record for early participation. The reason can be attributed to the pandemic – many citizens deciding to vote by mail to avoid contagion. Polling stations opening early also witnessed impressive waiting lines and larger than expected crowds. If this trend continues to election day, experts predict a participation of 150 million voters – a bigger turnout than in any election since 1908.

    to cast, cast, cast one's ballot/voter - to break, broke, broken a record/battre un record - by mail/par correspondance - polling station/bureau de vote - to witness/être témoin de, observer - waiting line/file d'attente - crowd/ici, public - trend/tendance - turnout/participation (électorale)

    Publié le 2/11/2020

  • 45 minutes

    The presidential candidates were offered one last chance to convince Americans to vote for them in a 60 minute interview organised by the American TV channel, CBS. Joe Biden took this opportunity to reassert his priorities: the coronavirus crisis, healthcare, institutional racism and international policies. Donald Trump's performance was less measured: he cut the interview short after 45 minutes, accusing the journalist of being too tough on him. News service, CNN, did a fact check and found that in the 45 minutes of Trump speaking, he made 16 false or misleading claims, including the accusation that Joe Biden spied on his campaign.

    Publié le 29/10/2020

  • 3 millions

    Hillary Clinton won the popular vote but lost the election in 2016 because of the way the U.S. electoral system is constructed. Here are three facts to understand it better:

    - On election day, Americans vote for electors – not for a candidate. Each state has a given number of electors based on the size of its population. For example, California has 55 e while Wyoming only has 3.

    - Electors are elected as a group. For example, if a political party secures a majority of 51% in California, it will still win its 55 electors, and not just half of them. Each State votes for one party or the other.

    - This means that, in total, more people can vote for one candidate without him or her being elected, if he or she fails to secure a majority by a small amount in certain states.

    Hilary Clinton wasn't the first one to win the popular vote and lose the election: in 2000, Al Gore gained more votes compared to George W. Bush.

    way/façon, manière - state/état - given/ici, certain - size/taille - to secure/ci, obtenir - to mean, meant, meant/signifier, vouloir dire - to fail to/ne pas parvenir à - amount/ici, degré, marge - to gain/obtenir

    Publié le 15/10/2020

  • 1 million

    Fire season is a natural annual occurrence in California, as part of its ecosystem. However, the fires have have been wildly out of control in recent years – the average number of burnt land doubled between the 1990's and the 2010's. In 2020 alone, one million hectares have already been destroyed. The main reason is the increasing influence of climate change, with hotter temperatures creating drier landscapes and therefore more fire. Because of California's urban development, fires are also increasingly destructive: as cities spread, more and more homes are being built in woodland areas – leaving them an easy target for the flames.

    occurrence/phénomène - wildly/ici, totalement - average/moyen - land/terre, terrain - main/principal - increasing/croissant - landscape/paysage, environnement - therefore/donc, par conséquent - to spread, spread, spread/s’étendre, se développer - woodland/boisé - area/zone - target/cible

    Publié le 28/09/2020

  • 80 million

    76% of Americans will be eligible to vote by mail for November's presidential election – and many may well do so, with 80 million voters predicted to cast their ballot by post – more than twice as many as in 2016. This change is driven by the pandemic, as many fear polling stations will encourage virus transmission. Surprisingly, voting by mail may mean less absentees and a higher turnout – as was the case during primaries, when voting by mail was encouraged in certain states. However, Trump is promoting his own version of these events, claiming that voting by post will do nothing but help Democrats. He has proceeded to block postal funds to prevent expanded mail-in voting. Many have called his decision an attack on democracy.

    to be eligible/avoir le droit - by mail/par correspondance - to predict/prévoir - to cast, cast, cast one's ballot/ici, voter (déposer son bulletin de vote) - twice as many/ici, le double - to be driven by/ici, être dû à - to fear/craindre - polling station/bureau de vote - turnout/participation (électorale) - primaries/élections primaires de sélection du candidat officiel d'un parti à la présidence - to promote/défendre, soutenir - to claim/affirmer, prétendre - to prevent/empêcher - mail-in/par correspondance

    Publié le 31/08/2020

  • 68%

    Trump expected a raucous return for his first electoral rally in three months. He arrived in Tulsa, where only 6,200 supporters showed up, against the 19,000 the arena could hold: a decrease of 68%. A disappointing number, for a president who boasted about ''never having an empty seat'' at a rally throughout his 2016 campaign. What happened? Commentators have blamed a recent local coronavirus outbreak, Trump's abrupt decrease in popularity over the last few months and... TikTok! Many users posted videos about booking a ticket with no intention of going – leaving Trump's team to think that attendance would be much larger than it actually was.

    to expect/(s')attendre (à), espérer - raucous/retentissant, très animé - rally/rassemblement - supporter/partisan - to show, showed, showed or shown up/être présent, se présenter - to hold, held, held/contenir, accueillir - to boast about/se vanter de - to blame/imputer à, mettre sur le compte de - outbreak/épidémie - to book/réserver - attendance/fréquentation, nombre de spectateurs - actually/réellement

    Publié le 2/07/2020

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